Future sustainable fisheries management development



Future sustainable fisheries management development

The global fishery production has been slowing down year by year or affected by the increasing awareness of sustainable development of fisheries, which is also in line with the expectations of the United Nations Sustainable Development Goal 14: "Conservation and sustainable use of oceans and marine resources for sustainable development", The development trend of the world's fisheries in the future is generally reflected in the following three aspects:
Ecosystem Sustainability
In the future, international, regional and national fishery management legal systems and organizational models will continue to increase and improve, becoming the guarantee and foundation for the smooth cooperation and management of global sustainable fisheries. Since the adoption of the Code of Conduct for Responsible Fisheries in 1995, the United Nations and related organizations have issued a series of international guidelines and technical specifications accordingly, and the number of countries developing responsible aquaculture and establishing legal frameworks has also increased from less than 40 in 2011 to 2018. more than 90 countries.
Another sustainable development direction of the modern ecosystem is the improvement of technological innovation and informatization. First, the establishment of a comprehensive database of fisheries and aquaculture has made it possible to connect data on production, fishing vessels, trade, and employment. Based on this, information systems and partnerships have been established among various fisheries-related organizations, such as the Fishery Resources Monitoring System (FIRMS), the Aquatic Genetic Resources Monitoring System, and the Aquatic Species Introduction Database. Quantity and product legality monitoring, biological genetic research, fishery resource management, information exchange and sharing, etc.
Biodiversity Sustainability
The sustainability of biodiversity is an important part of maintaining marine ecosystems. At present, about 24.2% of fish stocks in marine fisheries are in a state of overfishing. It will be imperative to promote sustainable transformation of marine fishery fishing methods in the future. action. For example, among the seven species of tuna with high economic value, about 33.3% of the population is currently overfished. In the future, purse seine and trawling will continue to be replaced by longline fishing. Through the popularization of improved fishing gear fishing methods, bycatch will generally be reduced by about 25%-50%, and help to retain and select high-value species, improve economic efficiency and environmental sustainability.

Sustainable Fisheries Livelihood Development
In terms of sustainable fishery livelihoods, the United Nations has designated 2022 as the "International Year of Artisanal Fisheries and Aquaculture", and the participation of small-scale producers in sustainable resource management will become mainstream. Correspondingly, neglected human and labor rights in the fisheries and aquaculture value chain will also be emphasized in the future, and social security systems, laws and regulations at the national and international levels will be further implemented.
Aquaculture is the leading force in the global fishery in the future. As a major aquaculture country, China will continue to transform from extensive to intensive, adopting eco-friendly technological innovations to reduce production capacity and improve efficiency.

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The FAO forecast results are based on the following specific assumptions: future macroeconomic environment; international trade rules and tariffs; frequency of events and impact on resources; immunity from tsunamis, tropical storms (cyclones, hurricanes and typhoons), floods, Impact of severe climate events; no outbreaks of new fish diseases; fisheries management measures including fishing restrictions; and no market shocks. China's policy implications (the 13th Five-Year Plan) are also taken into account.
The world fishery in 2020 is still full of unknowns and challenges, but as people's awareness of sustainable development gradually increases, it is expected to bring a more promising future to the industry. The FAO column of Shushuo Fishery will also come to an end here, and will continue a new chapter of "Shushuo". Thank you for your support and companionship.